Wednesday, July 31, 2013
Monday, July 29, 2013
Saturday, July 20, 2013
The Buddha went from Bodhgaya to Sarnath about 5 weeks after his enlightenment. Before Gautama (the Buddha-to-be) attained enlightenment, he gave up his austere penances and his friends, the Pañcavaggiya monks, left him and went to Isipatana (Sarnath). After attaining Enlightenment the Buddha, leaving Uruvela, travelled to the Isipatana to join and teach them. He went to them because, using his spiritual powers, he had seen that his five former companions would be able to understand Dhamma quickly. While travelling to Sarnath, Gautama Buddha had to cross the Ganges. When Gautama Buddha found his five former companions, he taught them, they understood and as a result they also became enlightened. At that time the Sangha, the community of the enlightened ones, was founded.
The sermon Buddha gave to the five monks was his first sermon,
called the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta. It was given on the full-moon day of Asadha.
This was later observed as Guru pournima, since the enlightened one preached his student for the first time one this day and where Guru means the remover of the darkness.